The Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (hereinafter MFA) requested the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (hereinafter SSSA) to formulate a proposal for the drafting of an independent evaluation report on the Implementation of Selected OSCE Commitments on Human Rights and Democracy in Italy to be presented on the occasion of the Italian Chairmanship of that Organisation during 2018. Such report would be in line with an established trend initiated by the Swiss Chairmanship and followed upon by the Serbian, German and now Austrian chairs.
The report would aim at:
Evaluating how the political OSCE commitments in the area of the “human dimension” are being implemented in Italy. More in particular, a reconnoitering of selected relevant human rights commitments will be undertaken with the objective of displaying major challenges and ways and means enacted to overcome them.
The report will be an independent document prepared by the SSSA in close consultation with the Italian MFA, as well as relevant civil society actors, academia and governmental institutions. These actors will be involved in the process of selection of human rights themes on which the document will focus and will be engaged through a participatory process in the finalisation of the report that will also take into account their comments and observations. The lessons learned shared by the past OSCE Presidencies and related to their experience in drafting the same report will be duly taken into account.
Organisation of the work
The report will focus on four or five relevant human rights thematic strands identified through specific criteria (see below). A team of researchers of the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna will carry out the research work under the scientific supervision of Professor Andrea de GUTTRY. Depending on the thematic areas selected for the report, external expertise might also be sought for drafting specific sections of the document. The work will be tentatively articulated into three main phases:
The final output of the research will consist of a report containing an independent evaluation of the implementation of selected OSCE human rights commitments in Italy.
The service to be provided is expected to require a certain amount of desk research. Desk research will be very important for the background work to prepare the report, as it will lay the foundations for original fact-finding research. Desk research will include the systematic, qualitative examination of available literature and secondary sources of information (including web sources) in the context of the topics of the report. It consists of identifying, locating, reviewing, and extracting relevant information and data from legal documents, studies, reports, previous evaluations, policy documents, scientific publications, proceedings from conferences and expert hearings and the like.
Interviews with stakeholders and surveys to relevant sources will be also used as a research tool. A dedicated webpage will be also created to foster avenues for establishing a transparent process that informs about the phases of its preparation, the measures enacted for ensuring consultations with relevant stakeholders and to constitute a hub for gathering feedback, comments, observations through a participatory process.
The research work will be founded upon the following elements:
(a) Time frame of the research: the temporal scope of the research will cover the last 5 years.
(b) Thematic scope of the research: the objective of the report will be to critically evaluate the implementation status of OSCE commitments in selected thematic areas in Italy. The selection of topics will be made through a participatory process that will include governmental institutions and relevant Italian NGOs working on human rights issues with the aim of including current, relevant political and human rights challenges that date back no more than five years.